Christmas Tree Sale

Princeton Troop 43’s Annual Christmas Tree Sale is just around the corner!

Our next troop meeting(11/30) will be at the site to discuss about the tree sale.

The sale goes from Sunday Nov 30th through Wednesday Dec 24th with the following hours:

Mon – Wed from 3:30 – 5:30p
Thu – Fri from 3:30 – 7p
Saturday  9am – 6pm
Sunday 11a – 5pm

Scouts, click here to access the spreadsheet to sign up for slots in the sale. It is MANDATED that you sign up for at least 2 slots, preferably more in the spreadsheet.

Sale location: 60 Hulfish Street, Princeton, NJ 08540


Princeton Boy Scout Troop 43 was formed in 1918, ten years after the first manual on Scouting was published in England in 1908, and eight years after the Boy Scouts of America was chartered in Washington, D.C.    Unfortunately, the early history of our Troop is shrouded in mystery, in part because our Council office where early records would have been kept was flooded in the early 1950’s and the files destroyed.  However, it seems we began with a Scoutmaster and roster of about twenty Scouts, and that five other Troops existed in Princeton at the time of our formation, most of them probably organized by the YMCA and several churches.  National records indicate our Troop was first registered as Troop 4 and chartered by the Witherspoon YMCA, now the Princeton Y.  First Presbyterian Church, now Nassau Presbyterian Church and our current sponsoring organization, sponsored a different Troop at that time, Troop 1.   In the 1920’s, the George Washington Council came into being, and Princeton Scouting became part of this Council.  Since each of the communities had its own Troop 1, a renumbering of troops was necessary to provide an orderly way of referring to the troops.   Our Troop 4 thus became Troop 43.

Eagle Scouts Paul Papier, Doug Sensenig, Erne Soffronoff, Jason Harding and Kelvin Sensenig researched this Troop history and found some of their best information in newspapers.  By 1918, the newspapers were carrying a column on Scouting, and reports were often written by the boys themselves.  From these, we learn of the existence of a basketball league consisting of the six local Scout troops, and that one of our Scoutmasters during the 1920’s, had the boys dismantle an old barn at Griggs Farm, using the beams to build a home on Route 206.  Scoutmaster Mather believed that the boys would benefit from knowing how a house was built.  In 1931, a Mother’s Auxiliary was formed, and in 1932 a newspaper article reports that Edwin Kimble was Scoutmaster whose Troop’s four patrols — Bats, Eagles, Pine Trees and Tigers – were having a patrol competition.  Scouts helped collect food for Christmas baskets distributed by the Lions Club, and at least one meeting that year was devoted to discussing New Jersey natural resources.

A report in 1933 sounds a note familiar to Scouters.  The Scoutmaster made an appeal for Scouts to wear their uniforms to meetings, consisting of knee pants and long stockings!  During Boy Scout Week, which commemorated the more than five million Scouting members that year, our Troop celebrated with a basketball game against a YMCA team.  Under Scoutmaster Kimble, meetings at this time included opening with a salute of the flag and the Scout Oath, uniform inspection, and patrol meetings to collect dues and plan for patrol meetings at times other than Scout meeting nights.  Then the troop reassembled and discussed plans and test passing.  The meetings closed with the Scout Law and Taps, following which there was time for games.  There are reports of day trips and overnight hikes during this time, and the Troop attended camp during the summers as well, at Pahaquarra.  In 1936, Scoutmaster Kimble took the boys on a sail across Barnegat Bay and the newspaper mentions the adventure in which a mast stanchion snapped, had to be repaired, and the boys returned home safely although soaked.  John Maloney became Scoutmaster in 1937 and a newspaper reports on a Court of Honor in which a number of Scouts achieved various ranks, and the Sea Scouts gave a demonstration of first aid.  The Troop treasury was now sufficient to support a subscription to Boys’ Life for each the Scouts.  Other Scoutmasters during this era were Charles Erhardt, a student at Princeton Theological Seminary, and Reverend Niles.

World War II Years:

In 1941, American participation in World War II was drawing near.  The war years were hard ones for organizations like Scout troops because many of the young adults most likely to provide leadership were in the Armed Forces.  Troop 43 did carry on, however.  Paul Graham, another student at the Theological Seminary was the Scoutmaster, assisted by Mr. Erhardt, in 1941.  Billy Riggs also served as Scoutmaster for many years in the 1940’s, as did Mr. Dilworth succeeded by Professor Mark Heald.  There was even a Princeton District in the George Washington Council.  Friends of Troop 43 was formed, and supplanted the original Mother’s Auxiliary, to help in supporting the Troop.  During these years, new Scouts paid $1.25 to join the Troop and the registration fee was 50 cents!

Troop activities of note during the 40’s included a ceremony recognizing the birth date of President Grover Cleveland, who is buried in the Princeton Cemetery, day hikes,  instruction in first aid, signaling including Morse code, and boxing, as well as Courts of Honor and summer camp preparation.  Camporees took place during these years and were called “Camporals”.  The Troop assisted in distributing calendars for the Community Chest, a precursor of the United Way, and prepared to cooperate with the Defense Council.  In 1945, three Troops including 43, distributed 12,000 circulars for the Red Cross.  Interaction with a Belgian Boy Scout troop was established as a result of contacts of a member of the Armed Forces, and letters were exchanged.   A special Court of Honor was held at the First Presbyterian Church and included a memorial service for the 6 former Scouts who were killed while in the Services.

We do not have much information about the Troop during the late 40’s and early 50’s but we do know that Scoutmasters included Manfred, Piper, and Bruce Rankin.

The Frank Fornoff years:

In 1957 Frank Fornoff was invited to become the Scoutmaster, and he began his tenure in the Fall of that year, leading the Troop for the next 37 years.  During the 50’s the Troop aimed to increase overnight hikes and events to one per month, and had a local campsite on property off of Cherry Valley Road (first owned by a Princeton bank and later by the Allen and Whittaker families).    The most impressive outdoor activities of the Troop have included fifty-mile backpacking trips.    Mr. Lawder, a member of the Troop Committee and the father of two of our Eagle Scouts, and  Mr. Piper, a former Scoutmaster; took Scouts on backpacking trips to Pennsylvania and Virginia in the early 1960’s.  In 1969, fifty-milers became a regular part of the summer program of the Troop, and over the years we have done backpacking in all of the Appalachian Trail states.

In the Fall of 1972, Scoutmaster Fornoff proposed that the next fifty-miler, on the Pacific Crest Trail, include ONLY Scouts who had completed the requirements for Eagle, and although the younger boys were disappointed, Troop Committee backed the decision.  The boys flew to Portland, Oregon, spent six days backpacking approximately 60 miles, and about five more days sightseeing, including Crater Lake and the Oregon coast of the Pacific Ocean.  The Troop treasury was not able to cover the cost of this trip, and the Troop owed the Scoutmaster for several years, a debt which led the troop to explore ways of raising money.  Fundraisers have included the well-known Christmas Tree Sale (which originated in the early 1950s) as well as rummage sales, fertilizer sales, and pasta dinners.  Although our records indicate that at a 1972 Court of Honor, there were 14 Scouts advancing to Life, but none to Eagle,  the Troop had 11 new Eagle Scouts by the end of 1973.  Meanwhile, fundraising has remained critical to the support of the Big Fifty summer trips, which in turn are a major feature of Troop 43’s Scouting program.  Other fifty-milers that took place during Frank Fornoff’s tenure included trips to Utah, Colorado, Montana, California, Washington state, Georgia, Oregon, the Canadian Rockies, Wyoming, Idaho, and New Mexico, some states visited more than once.

The Bob Forness years:

In 1991, Frank met Bob Forness at the annual Tree Sale, who soon became an Assistant Scoutmaster.  An Eagle Scout from upstate New York, Mr. Forness was working for Prudential at the time.  He and his wife, Lindsay, assisted the Troop for two years and when Frank Fornoff retired in 1993 after thirty-seven years at the helm of Troop 43, Mr. Forness took over as Scoutmaster.  Most of the troop gear and activities were reorganized during his Scoutmasters’ years.   Mr. Forness left the Troop in 1995 when his career took him to England.

The Paul Papier Years:

Upon Bob Forness’s departure, Paul Papier became Scoutmaster.  Paul had joined Scouts in 1974 and became a second generation Eagle in 1980.  In 1981 he became an Assistant Scoutmaster, and 14 years later, Scoutmaster.  Under his direction, Troop 43 camped at a variety of sites, both locally and out of state.  In 1996 local camping commenced at the scenic Carnegie campsite and the Troop attended many Council camps including Camp Pahaquarra, Yards Creek Scout Reservation, and Camp Buck near Clinton, as well as camping in a number of New Jersey and Pennsylvania state parks such as Allayer, Cheese quake, Stokes, Highpoint,  Washington Crossing, French Creek and Blue Rocks.  Additionally, Mr. Papier oversaw hikes along historic trails such as Gettysburg, Valley Forge, Washington Crossing, and one ending in Morristown.

Mr. Papier continued the tradition of Big 50 hikes, which require participants to have achieved a rank of First class or above, to be age 13 or older, and to take responsibility for their physical preparation and conditioning.  In addition, Scouts attending a Big 50 must have participated in Troop fundraising activities throughout the year, helping the Troop to subsidize the high costs of these trips.  Big 50 destinations during the course of Mr. Paper’s tenure have included California, Colorado, Arizona (Philemon), Wisconsin and Maine.  Meanwhile, Troop 43 has been one of the only area troops to schedule two weeks in summer camp.  Mr. Papier oversaw the Troop attending camp at Resaca Falls as well as Camp Slouchy in Pennsylvania.  Mr. Papier stepped down as Scoutmaster in 2000 in order to devote more time to his photography business.

The Garrett Brown Years to the Present:

Mr. Papier was replaced by Garrett Brown, Jr. (Life Scout, Troop 7, and Explorer, Eagle Rock Council in Upper Montclair, New Jersey), Marshall Freedman (Star, Troop 98 Valley Forge Council, Ardmore, Pennsylvania) and Richard Smaus (second generation Eagle), with Mr. Brown taking the lead until his retirement in 2003, when Mr. Freedman assumed the position until Fall of 2005, and again in June, 2007.  Between 2005 and 2007 Mr. Freedman had a short breather, while Tom Zucosky served as Scoutmaster.  During these years, the Troop continued to attend summer camp and participate in Big 50 hikes including on the Appalachian Trail from West Virginia to Gettysburg, Pa., and several trips out west to Yellowstone and Yosemite National Parks.  Troop 43 also attended the National Jamboree at Fort A.P. Hill, Virginia in both 2001 and 2005.  Scoutmaster Freedman, ably assisted by Dennis McRitchie, Brad Brock, Christian Ingerslev and Norberto Perez, has had the honor of inducting a total of 16 Eagle Scouts during his stewardship of Troop 43.


Christmas Tree Sale 2012

Troop 43 is selling christmas trees continuing it’s annual sale. This is the main funding for the troop, so scouts and adults please help out. 

Eagle Projects

Read about Troop 43’s current Eagle Scout candidates and their exciting projects from the menu on the left or in Eagle Projects.

Hiking on The Lawrence – Hopewell Trail

On September 22 we hiked on the Lawrence – Hopewell Trail, with scouts completing 5 mile or 10 mile segments.

Summer 2012: Ressica Falls, Boot and Paddle, Isle Royale National Park
Many spent an exciting two weeks at Ressica Falls Scout camp again this summer – always a scout favorite!
This year some of the older scouts went on Boot and Paddle hike and canoe trip during the first week at Ressica.
Six of our scouts and three leaders went hiking and camping trip through Isle Royale – a remote island national park right in the middle of Lake Superior. Many excellent pictures here.
Voorhees State Park Campout
On April 13th we went to Vorhees State park for 2 days. It was a beautiful place with many things to do. We went on a hike and visited an observatory.
Service project at Elm Court

Ski Trip 2012

Troop 43 went cabin camping and skiing Mar 3&4 at Hunter Mountain. A few pictures are below.
Welcome New Scouts!
Webelos from Pack 43 crossed over at their Blue and Gold Diner Mar 4th and many joined Troop 43. We’re glad to welcome our latest scouts to their new and exciting lives as Boy Scouts!
Cub Scouts and Pinewood Derby

Troop 43’s affiliated Cub Scout Pack 43 had their annual Pinewood Derby this January. With our Den Chiefs helping at the races, all the Cub Scouts had a great time and there were lots of fantastic and fast cars! Here’s one sample we really liked – it depicts the Cub Scouts crossing over to our troop.
Annual Holiday Tree Sale
Troop 43 holds its annual Christmas Tree Sale in downtown Princeton again this year from November 28 through Dec 24th. We sell high quality Frasier and Balsam fir trees as well as decorated and undecorated wreaths. In addition, this year we’re selling chocolate bars for all your sweet cravings!

Xmas tree sale

Holiday Sale

Eagle Project Workday

Saturday September 17th scouts came out in force to help on the final day of the Mountain Lakes Bridge project. Congratulations!

2011 Troop 43 Ski Trip

Saturday March 12th, Troop 43 head off to Shawnee Mountain for a day of skiing and fun!

Paul’s PCS Boxes & Benches

Project Overview
My Eagle Scout Service Project consists of the construction of two cedar planter boxes and two cedar benches with small planter boxes on either side. 
The main goal of this project is to beautify the entrance of the school as it is very bland and appears to be more of an office building then a school. This will give the school a more positive appearance. It will also provide outdoor seating for students during the day and create a community space for the parents waiting for students after school.
My work sessions will be held at Mr. Reed’s workshop on specified weekend dates and times which will be announced at Monday meetings. 

Session 1 – Purchasing the Wood and Materials
Description:  We managed to purchase all of the necessary materials by going to both Home Depot and Lowes.  This was not originally planned, as it was hoped that Home Depot would have all necessary materials in stock, but we managed to purchase all of the remaining materials needed at Lowes.  At Lowes, we decided to change the plans for the siding of the boxes because we noticed that they had tongue and groove 1″ x 6″ x 8′ pieces of cedar wood.  This change will improve the appearance of the boxes by giving them a more professional appearance.  Home Depot and Lowes each generously gave a 10% discount on the purchasing of my materials. 
 Name          Sign In  Sign Out  Job
 Paul D  9:00 am  11:45 am  Purchasing wood and Materials
 Mr. Reed   9:00 am  11:45 am  Purchasing wood and Materials
 Mark R

  9:00 am  11:45 am  Purchasing wood and Materials
 Mrs. DiPippo   9:00 am  11:45 am  Purchasing wood and Materials

Session 2 – Preparing the Wood
Description:  We managed to cut all pieces of wood to the original specified plans with a couple pieces of wood as extra. There were 4-5 scouts the whole time, excluding myself, and they were productive and kept on task for the whole time they were working.  Before each of the scouts began work on my project, I explained to them the safety precautions that needed to be taken which were to be aware at all times what is going on in the workshop, and that only the adults would be allowed to handle the power tools.  Permission slips were collected when the scouts arrives at the work session.  A change in plans that will occur based on the cutting done today, is that we realized that the tongue and grooved wood would cause the side walls would be slightly shorted and the side rails will have to be cut an additional 3/4″ to accommodate the situation.  The scouts main job was to sand the edges that were cut by the power tool.  I used the EDGE method by explaining to them what parts to specifically sand, demonstrating how to properly sand those edges, and then observed them sanding to make sure that they were sanding properly.  Because the scouts worked efficiently, we were able to get done in about 30 minutes ahead of the planned schedule.
 Name          Sign In  Sign Out  Job
 Paul D 12:00 pm  3:30 pm Managed Scouts and Oversaw the Process of Cutting 
 Mr. Reed 12:00 pm  3:30 pm Used Power Tools to Cut Wood and Helped with Experience
 Mark R 12:00 pm 3:30 pm Assisted in Sanding and Organization of Wood
 Mrs. DiPippo 12:00 pm   3:30 pm  Took Pictures and Provided Adult Supervision
 Nick B 12:00 pm   3:30 pm  Assisted in Sanding and Organization of Wood
 Suveer B 12:30 pm  1:40 pm   Assisted in Sanding and Organization of Wood
 Jackson G 12:45 pm   3:30 pm  Assisted in Sanding and Organization of Wood
 Philip T 12:45 pm  3:30 pm  Assisted in Sanding and Organization of Wood
Mr. DiPippo 1:15 pm  3:30 pm Provided Adult Supervision
 TOTAL HOURS AT WORK SESSION:  26 Hours 35 Minutes

Session 3 – Constructing the Walls

Description:  We managed to exceed the expected goal which was to construct all of the walls.  We completed the construction of all the walls, and, in addition, managed to drill all of the bolt holes in the legs and partially assembled one of the small bench end boxes.  We also shortened and sanded all of the pieces that needed to be cut, due to the shorter length of the tongue and groove siding.  There were 2-4 scouts the whole time, excluding myself, and they were productive and kept on task for the whole time they were working.  Before each of the scouts began work on my project, I collected their permission slips and explained to them the safety precautions that needed to be taken which were to be aware at all times what is going on in the workshop.  When we assembled the smaller box, I realized that the bench slats would need to also be slender because their width is too big for the newly shortened box railing.  I again used the EDGE method to demonstrate the proper technique needed to sand the cut edges and to assemble the siding.


 Name          Sign In  Sign Out  Job
Paul D 11:20 am  3:45 pm Managed Scouts and Oversaw the Wall Assembly Process
Mr. Reed 11:20 am 3:45 pm Used Power Tools to Drill Holes into Legs and  Helped with Experience
Mark R 11:50 am 3:30 pm Assisted in Drilling of Holes and Wall Assembly
Mrs. Reed 11:20 am 1:00 pm  Provided Adult Supervision
Austin B 11:50 am 3:30 pm Assisted in Wall Assembly and Additional Sanding of Wood
Suveer B 11:50 am 1:00 pm  Assisted in Wall Assembly and Additional Sanding of Wood
Yasin 11:45 am 1:50 pm Assisted in Wall Assembly and Additional Sanding of Wood
Mr. DiPippo 1:00 pm 3:45 pm Provided Adult Supervision and Took Pictures
 TOTAL HOURS AT WORK SESSION:  23 Hours 50 Minutes

Session 4 – Assembling the Smaller Boxes

Description:  As usual, the session began with me collecting permissions slips from the participating scouts and reviewing safety conditions.  There were 2-4 scouts the whole time, excluding myself.  The original goal for the day was to assemble all six of the boxes, however, halfway through the session, we realized this goal was overambitious and instead, we were only able to complete the four smaller boxes.  This was still a very productive workday because we managed to outline how vary efficient ways to speed up the construction of the boxes which is shown by the first two boxes taking a total of two and a half hours to complete while last two only took one hour.  One way we made the process more efficient was that instead of having the scouts hold the boxes steady while Mr. Reed was drilling pilot holes, we used clamps to hold the box together, which made it much more accurate and take much less time.  Assembling the last two boxes at the next work session, because we have already attached the trim pieces to the walls in today’s work session.


 Name          Sign In  Sign Out  Job
Paul D 12:00 pm  4:00 pm Managed Scouts and Oversaw the Box Assembly Process
Mr. Reed 12:00 pm 4:00 pm Used Power Tools to Drill Holes into Legs and  Helped with Experience
Mark R 12:00 pm 4:00 pm Assisted in Drilling of Holes and Box Assembly
Nick B 12:00 pm 4:00 pm Assisted in Box Assembly
Jackson G 12:00 pm 3:00 pm  Assisted in Box Assembly
Yasin 12:15 pm 2:45 pm Assisted in Box Assembly
Mrs. DiPippo 12:00 pm 4:00 pm Provided Adult Supervision and Took Pictures
 TOTAL HOURS AT WORK SESSION:  25 Hours 30 Minutes
Session 5 – Assembling the Larger Boxes and Bench Frames

Description:  Today our goal was to finish all construction that is not going to be done at the Charter School.  We managed to achieve this goal and plan on how we will construct the remaining pieces on site.  The construction that was done today included assembling the two larger planter boxes and constructing the two bench frames.  Constructing the larger planter boxes took about one hour because we already knew how to construct it efficiently based on the experience with the smaller planter boxes.  Assembling the bench frames took a little longer than expected because we had to first make sure they fit the sides, which required about an 1/8 of an inch cut on the bench support ends.  We decided to, instead of fully attaching the bench frame on site, we instead attached the bench frames to the boxes but will unscrew the screws attaching the frames to the box, before transportation.  This will simplify things on site, because we will already have the pilot holes drilled and have the locations for the screws set up.  The next step is to sand and waterproof the boxes, but after that session, all that should remain is the final transportation and assembly of the boxes.


 Name          Sign In  Sign Out  Job
Paul D 12:40 pm  4:00 pm Managed Scouts and Others Oversaw the Box Assembly Process
Mr. Reed 12:40 pm 4:00 pm Used Power Tools to Drill Holes into Legs and Frame.  Helped with Experience
Mark R 12:40 pm 4:00 pm Assisted in Drilling of Holes and Frame Assembly
Jesie S 12:40 pm 3:35pm Assisted in Box and Frame Assembly
Mrs. DiPippo 12:40 pm 4:00 pm Provided Adult Supervision and Took Pictures
 Mr. DiPippo      3:30 pm  4:00 pm Provided Adult Supervision and helped hold bench frame
 TOTAL HOURS AT WORK SESSION: 16  Hours 45  Minutes
Session 6 – Sanding and Staining the Constructed Boxes and Bench Frames

Description: Today was the final work session that would include scouts outside of me, my family, and the Reeds.  Our goal, which was easily achieved in the time given, was to sand all edges, as a safety measure to prevent cuts and splinters, and to weatherproof all of the boxes and bench frames.   As usual, the session began with the collection of permission slips and review of safety issues that would need to taken in the situation of sanding and weatherproofing.  At this session I had younger scouts, including a scout just starting out and a second year scout.  This allowed me to demonstrate more leadership toward these younger scouts, instead of teaching older scouts who already have experience doing similar tasks at previous Eagle projects.  I managed to use the EDGE method, allowing them to learn how to correctly sand and weatherproof.  While I had the scouts working on the weatherproofing of the boxes, I had Mr. Reed and Mark cut the cloth lining to the correct sizes so that we would be prepared to attach them at the next work session.  I had originally planned on having more workers than actually showed up, but the workers that attended worked efficiently with no idle time wasted, allowing us to complete the tasks 30 minutes ahead of schedule.  All that remains to complete my Eagle project is to transport the boxes and frames to the Charter School where the benches will be attached to the box ends and where the cloth lining will be stapled into the boxes. 


 Name          Sign In  Sign Out  Job
Paul D 12:00 pm 3:30 pm Managed Scouts and Others Oversaw the Sanding and Weatherproofing Process
Mr. Reed 12:00 pm 3:15 pm Measured and Cut Cloth Lining Pieces.  Helped with Experience and Provided Adult Supervision
Mark R 12:00 pm 3:15 pm Helped with Sanding and Weatherproofing
Kathryn D 12:00 pm     1:45 pm  Helped with Sanding and Weatherproofing
Mrs. DiPippo 12:00 pm 1:45 pm Helped with Sanding and Took Pictures 
Nathan S 12:00 pm 3:15 pm Helped with Sanding and Weatherproofing
Robert S 12:10 pm 3:15 pm Helped with Sanding and Weatherproofing
Akil S 12:20 pm 3:00 pm Helped with Sanding and Weatherproofing
Mr. DiPippo 1:00 pm 3:30 pm Helped with Weatherproofing and Provided Adult Supervision
Naveen B 2:35 pm  3:15 pm Helped with Weatherproofing
 TOTAL HOURS AT WORK SESSION: 25  Hours 40  Minutes


Session 7 – Final Project Work Session – Attachment of Cloth Lining and Transportation of Boxes

Description: Today I completed the final session of my Eagle Service Project.  The session began by attaching the already precut landscape cloth lining to the stained boxes.  This part of the session did not take too long, about 45 minutes, because we had all of the cloth lining cut at the previous work session and already knew how we how we were going to attach it to the boxes.  The way we attached it was we cut the cloth into large rectangular strips which would be able to go from the trim on one side to the inner edges of the box and back to the trim on the opposite side of the box.  There were two rectangular pieces for each box and they would overlap in the bottom of the box.  Once these were completed, we transported the boxes to Princeton Charter School.  We placed the two larger boxes, the two bench frames, and two of the smaller boxes in Mr. Reed’s truck and placed the remaining two smaller boxes in Mr. DiPippo’s van.  When we got to the school, all that was left to do was to place the boxes in the correct position, against the 5-8 building as was in my original proposal, attach the bench frames to the smaller boxes and attach the brass plates to the bench frames.


 Name          Sign In  Sign Out  Job
Paul D 12:00 pm 2:15pm Managed and Assisted in Attaching Cloth Lining, Final Assembly, and Transportation of Boxes
Mr. Reed 12:00 pm 2:15 pm Helped with Experience, Provided Adult Supervision, and Assisted in Attaching Cloth Lining and Box Assembly
Mark R 12:00 pm 2:15 pm Assisted in Attaching Cloth Lining, Final Assembly, and Transportation of Boxes
Mrs. DiPippo 12:00 pm 2:15pm Provided Adult Supervision and Took Pictures 
Mr. DiPippo 12:00 pm

1:15 pm


2:15 pm

Helped with Transportation of the Boxes.

Thank You
I would to thank all members of Troop 43 for supporting me throughout my scouting years and especially those who worked on my project.  
 Planting Day:  Princeton Charter School, April 25, 2012

Michael’s Mountain Lakes Bridge

Project Description

The purpose of my project is to enhance the pedestrian traffic in Mountain Lakes Preserve (which includes a lake, and roughly 9 miles of trail). Mountain Lakes is located near Coventry Farm, Community Park North, and the John Witherspoon Woods. It is located off of Mountain Avenue, which originates at Route 206 in Princeton Township, New Jersey. 

My project is situated on a one-third of a mile trail. This trail is located perpendicular to Coventry Farm and is on the west side of the lake in the Mountain Lakes Preserve. When it rains, a ditch on the trail slightly swells with water and the sides get slippery. During dry periods, the loose rocks on the sides of the trail represent a slipping hazard. To make the trail safer and more accessible to the preserve, I plan to build a 16-foot long by 4 foot wide by 3 and a half-foot tall bridge that spans the 8-foot deep by 10-foot wide ditch (probably used as a drainage ditch by Coventry Farm). Secondly, I will extend the pre-existing trail, so that it leads to the openings of the bridge instead of into the ditch. This extension will cover be a total of 40 feet long (20 feet on each side) and have a width of four feet. To construction the bridge and extend the trail, I first need to remove the invasive honeysuckle. This removal will be done with clippers and Round-Up ©, but no workers under 18 will using the chemicals. This treatment for the honeysuckle has been used on other parts of the Preserve.

Location of Eagle Project

Present Conditions of Trail

Bridge Design

Proposed Location of Bridge
Day Workers Needed Time (Hours) Total Hours
1-4 4 scouts, 4 adults with a certain level of woodworking skill each day 4 hours each day 128
5 5 scouts, 2 adults 4 hours 28
6 5 scout, 2 adults 4 hours 28
7 5 scout, 2 adults 4 hours 28
8-9 5 scout, 2 adults 4 hours each day 56
Total Hours 296 hours  

Plan for Day-by-Day Work

Date Time Description Items Needed
Day 1-4 11:00-3:00 Set-up 4 work stations: 1) Layout and marking of girders, 2) Cutting, 3) Drilling, 4) Putting in bolts  
    Layout and Marking Station: Translating the drawing and marking the lumber where we need to cut and drill. We will also tag the lumber with a number so that we can later assemble it at site. Carpenter’s pencils, steel square, triangles, measuring tapes, copies of drawings, calculators
    Cutting Station: Using the marks from station #1, cut the lumber into sizes necessary for assembly at the site Portable circular saw with telescopic arm, measuring tapes, carpenter’s pencils, clamps, wood jig material (optional)
    Drilling Station: Using the marks from station #1, drill the lumber for the holes necessary for the bolts in station #4 Portable 16V drills, drill press, 1/2″ dia. drill bits
    Hardware Station: Using the holes created in station #3, put bolts, nuts, and washers in prefabricated components so that they are in the located necessary during on-site assembly 1/2″ and 5/16″ dia. lag bolts (various sizes), washers, lag bolt nuts
Day 5 11:00-3:00 Chopping down invasive honeysuckle. Removal of roots and rocks on the rail and the embankments for the bridge abutments.  Adult would squirt Round-Up on the roots of the honeysuckle at the end of the day when no more work will occur Round-Up, sapling cutters, shovels, pick-axe, and rakes
Day 6 11:00-3:00 Building abutments by cutting timber on location and placing the cut timbers into the embankments. Put gravel and woodchips on top of abutments. Chainsaw to cut timbers, shovels, wheelbarrows, timber spikes, sledge hammers, earth tampers, and pick-axes
Day 7 11:00-3:00 Bring prefabricated bridge girders, bridging, and decking material. Build bridge primary structure and platform. Cordless drill, cordless circular saw, socket and crescent wrenches, deck screws, string line, wheelbarrows, bags of gravel, and levels. 
Day 8-9 11:00-3:00 Bring prefabricated railings and attach to bridge deck and structure. Cordless drill, socket and crescent wrenches, and cordless circular saw

List of Planned Work Days

Please see attached schedule for the planned work days and times for this Eagle Project. Feel free to contact me if you have an scheduling concerns. I will also send out reminder emails before each session.

Progress of Project


First, we took inventory of all the materials received from Princeton Township, noting any irregularities. Then we began the prefabrication of the deck for the bridge. The scouts marked the 2x6x10 boards so that they would produce two 2x6s at 7′- 11 1/2″ deck pieces. After having my dad cut the wood, the scouts used a template and a tape measure to mark the half-way point of the board and the locations for the deck screws. So as to allow for the screws to enter the wood more easily during assembly, the scouts used power drills with a 7/64″ diameter drill bit to make holes in the deck pieces. While some scouts were doing this, another scout was marking the eight-foot place on each of the 2x10x8s so that they can be shaved down to eliminate excess and allow for a smoother connection during assembly of the bridge. Lastly, scouts marked the half-way point of each of the 4x4x10 posts so that they can be halved and used for tomorrow’s girder assembly.

Aaron marking the eight-foot place on the 2x10x8s

Afnaan drilling into the decking for the deck screws
Today was the construction of the girders that will support the bridge when it is finally completed. However, we first finished drilling the holes into three deck pieces that we marked at the end of yesterday. We also marked the location for the cut on the 4x4x8s so that they can be used as the four foot vertical suppor of the handrailing. Then we did the prefabrication of the girders by using the 2x10x8s that my dad cut down to exactly eight foot yesterday and marking the four foot place on them. Using a template placed on the four foot mark, the scouts then marked the place for the lag bolts to be later placed in. After that, the scouts brought all the pieces near the power tools station so that my dad could use the markings and put the holes into the wood. From this step, I organized all the scouts so that it was almost a sytem in which two scouts carried the wood to my dad, one scout held up the wood so that my dad could properly put the holes into the wood, and then two scouts to carry the wood from the power tools station and set the girders up so that the bolts can be placed in. Upon completion of the drilling of all the lag bolt holes, we used 5/16″ lag bolts, two washers on the outside and one in the inside, and a nut to attach the three boards together.  
Akil holding up the wood as my dad cuts the remaining 2x6x10s for the decking
Sidhant putting holes into the remaining deck pieces
Suveer and Naveen carrying a previously drilled 2x10x8 for a girder

Sidhant, Yasin, and Aidan standing on the two completed girders

Today we started the construction of the railings. The main portion of our work today was centered on the fabrication of the vertical supports for the railing. These supports were created by cutting the six 4x4x10s in half with a 45 degree angle cut at the middle and a 2 1/2″ angle cut on the other end of the post. After producing twelve of these, two adults drilled the holes for the bolts that will attach the posts to the already completed girders. However, for the 1/2″ carriage bolts to go in, we had to first countersink them. After countersinking the bolts, one scout used a cordless drill to finish the hole for the bolt in the wood. The other task accomplished today was that while the vertical posts were being fabricated, another adult finished cutting the bolts on the girders of excess, making it easier for us to carry the pieces, and we marked each junction on the girders with the system A,A; B,B; C,C etc. so that when we dissemble them for transportation, the girders can be easily placed back together.

Cutting a 4x4x10 in half with a 45 degree angle cut


Mr. Freedman removing the excess on the 5/16″ lag bolts


George marking a junction on one of the girders


Mr. Richer and Mr. Confer using the drill press to countersink the bolts

George completing the holes for the carriage bolts in a vertical support

We continued the construction of the railing by attaching the vertical posts to the already fabricated girders. We accomplished this by first marking location for each post on the girder using the drawing of the bridge as a guide. Aftering marking the location, we then marked the point for the holes to be drilled into the girder so that the posts could be attached. While doing these two tasks, I did incur some problems as the scouts were not very precious with their lines and location of the holes. This caused additional problems, for I did not realize their mistake until almost all the holes were driled. To fix this semi-major problem, I had my dad re-drill the holes in the proper location. While he did this, the scouts hammered the carriage bolts into the holes made the day before so that they would fit flushly into the holes, because on each carriage bolt there is a square undernearth the head that prevented them from fitting flat. We then attached the posts to the girders with 1/2″ diameter carriage bolts and a washer and nut on the inside of the bridge. For the last assignment of the day, the scouts and my dad worked to fit the decking on the bridge because there are pieces that must fit around the posts.
Carter and Jonathan working to attach a post to the girder
Mr. Treves cutting a deck piece so it can fit around railing post
Today we continued with the construction of the hand railing. As I waited for more scouts to come, I worked with one scout to mark out new deck pieces on five 2x6x10s because I needed to replace some that were miss cut the past Sunday. When more scouts began to show up and another adult came with more power tools, we started working on the four diagonal posts that would be attached to the end of the railing. We accomplished this task by angle cutting the top and bottom of the posts, countersinking for the carriage bolts, and drilling the guidance holes. After we did all this for all four posts, we put in the 1/2″ diameter carriage bolts, cut off the excess, and placed a washer and nut at the end of each bolt before tighening it.
Nathan marking wood for deck pieces
Working on attaching diagonal to railing structure
Mr. Treves removing excess metal on a carriage bolt
Today we continued with the construction of the hand railing. Since many scouts were newly adjusting to the summer hours of 9 am to 1 pm, my progress today was very limited. We first attached the side piece of the upper hand rail by pressing a 2x4x16 against the top and marking the angles so that it could fit with the rest of the railing construction. Using a table saw, we cut the entire piece of wood so that the angle cut on the vertical supports matched the angle on the side piece. After cutting and attaching the side piece with deck screws, we sanded the edge so that the entire construction of the upper hand rail would fit together smoothly. The other achievement of today was attaching the lower hand rail, in which we did the same thing except we did not angle cut the top of the 2x4x16. Lastly, we attached vertical 2x4s between the upper and lower hand railing at the mid-point between each large vertical post.
Anthony attaching the lower hand rail to the vertical supports
Anthony sanding the side piece of the upper hand rail construction
Today we completed the construction of the hand rail and made great progress with constructing the support system that will hold the two girders together. First, we completed the hand rail by marking a 2x6x14 so as it can fit with the rest of the hand rail, cutting the pieces of wood, and then angle cutting the edges. After that, I had all the scouts go around with a power sander and sand the edges of the upper piece of the upper hand rail so to make the diagonal end posts of the railing flush with the upper piece. I also had the scouts use sand paper and a block of wood to soften all the hand edges on the pieces of wood used to build the two hand rails. In the last part of railing construction, we cut and attached 2x4s so that they could fit diagonally between the large vertical posts and the vertical 2x4s we had attached the day before. The other project of the day was starting construction of the support that will go between the center 16 foot piece and the two girders. We decided that we will accomplish this through joist hangers even though the drawing originally called for diagonal pieces of wood connecting the girder to the center. So, I had scouts attach joist hangers to the two girders and translate the distance placed on the girders onto the center board. We ended the day with a small dilemma as the deck screws we used to attach the joist hangers on the center board were too long and went through to the other side.

Sanding the sharp edges on the bridge

Attaching a diagonal 2×4 to the main construction of the hand railing

Today was an easy day as we rapidly approach the end of pre-fabrication. The only assignments left to do is build the cribbling and re-attach the joist hangers to the central board, so we chose to tackle the cribbing and we finished it today. This was accomplished by cutting 6x6s and making a lip on each cut piece so that they can be staked together. After that, we used a drill to put a guide hole and then a sledge hammer to slam a stake so as to attach the different cut pieces.
Hammering a stake into one of the cribbings
A completed cribbing
First day of working in the field! Today involved some real hard and heavy working so I only reached out to the older scouts but unfortunately none said they could come, so my dad, brother, and I did the work ourselves. We spent about 6 hours in the field digging through roots, rocks, and soil so as to place in the cribbing that will support the bridge. Additionally, the holes had to be at least a foot deep to fit the cribbing. After we dug and fit the cribbing into the ground, we removed them and placed a layer of drainage stone below it and, after placing the cribbing back, also around it. Lastly, my brother collected medium size stones that we placed at the foot of the cribbing so as to hide the drainage stones and look more natural.
Only halfway there
Loosening the bank with a pick-axe
Shoveling out the debris

Complete installation of one cribbing

Complete installation of the two cribbings on the left and right of the photo
On the first of August, my dad and I collected large stones to place around and ontop of the previously installed cribbings. After hauling over a dozen enormous stones from the road up to the location of the bridge, we quit for the day. On August 2nd, we returned with my brother and we placed the stones in a manner that they fit together smoothly and snuggly. After placing the large stones and building up the sides of the cribbings with smaller stones, we poured and dispersed pea gravel throughout the construction so as to hold everything together and fill in all the holes. Lastly, before leaving, we spread a wild flower/grass seed mixture on the banks of the ditch and placed a large dead branch across one of the sides so as to hold back the loose soil from eroding in future rain storms.

Grass placed on the sides of the ditch

Current appearance of trail with the two installed cribbings and stone steps
Finally complete! Today we assembled the bridge in place. In the morning, we placed the two large side pieces on the set cribbing with one end sitting on the cribbing and one end sitting above it. We accomplished this by using a team of 4 adults and 6 scouts to lift the bridge sides, one at a time, so that it rested above the cribbing on one side and then we pulled/pushed the siding across the ditch so that it rested on both sides as we wanted it. We did this because there would not have been enough room to put the end pieces on the bridge had we placed both ends of the side pieces on the cribbing. After nailing the end pieces on both sides, we slide the whole bridge structure so that both ends sat on top of the cribbing. Next, we put in and nailed into place the internal support system, with the middle beam and the horizontal supports connecting the middle beam to the two sides. With only the finishing touches to do, we put the deck on. The spacing of the deck was done by my dad, because he had the best eye for it, while the scouts looked for large stones to add to the stone work. After collecting four large rocks, we screwed the deck on and I put a plaque that said that this bridge was an Eagle Project. Later in the afternoon, I came back to the site with my dad to make the final touches to the bridge. We found some more large stones and spent some time trying to get the stone work to fit perfectly together, so that it would not be a hazard to pedestrians on the trail. We also placed some dead fall on either side of the trail to guide people to use the bridge.
Lifting one of the heavy side pieces of the bridge
Placing one of the side pieces on one side of the ditch
Pulling the side piece into place
Putting the internal support system into place
Screwing the deck into place

The four who finished the job
Final Pictures of Bridge

Jackson’s Kiosk Project

Session 1: Purchases

The first day of many work sessions to come, this session consisted of a drive to Niece Lumber in Lambertville, where we acquired the lumber needed to work on the project. The date was 7/12/14. The lumber purchased were cedar boards for the trim and a wood-like plastic material called Wolf White. The material will last longer than normal wood and will not rot.

Driving to Lambertville with Dave and Ford. Jackson is the cameraman here.

This is all lumber purchased in Lambertville. Approximately $1,000 of 8 Wolf White panels and 2 cedar planks

Session 2: First Day of Panel Construction:

The second session took place on 7/27/14, between 11:00 A.M. and 3:00 P.M. During this work session, we cut the Wolf White paneling into the appropriate shapes and began drilling pilot holes. While there was still work to do, almost half the paneling was sized and cut appropriately

The group (Ford, Jackson, Nick, Zak, Nicholas, Sid, Uttam, Philip, and Jack), watching Dave demonstrate safe usage of the power saw

The same group from a different angle.

Session 3: Final Cuts and Paneling:
This session took place 8/07/14, from 11:00 A.M. to 2:30 P.M. During this session, the remainder of the panels were cut and drilled to the specs needed, along with the cedar trim. The next sessions will have the kiosk cleared of old materials and the new panels attached and painted.

The Group, finishing this particular panel.

Last panel of the session! Cutting is complete!



Session 4: Demolition Day 1

The first day of construction of the Kiosk itself was 8/30/14, from 11:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m. Our first priority was demolition of the existing panels. To begin, we started by removing staples from the trim and irreplaceable parts of the woodwork. We also began working to uncover the screws holding the current paneling in place, which came out with some difficulty. The result was this:

As it turned out, much of the surface paneling was mounted over even-older paneling dating back to the Kiosk’s original construction. It contained thirty-year-old staples, graffiti, and evidence of multiple paint jobs in the last 30 years. The lower trim was also damaged from rot, necessitating repair with wood putty.

The view a passerby would have of the work site. Philip is examining the DO NOT TOUCH signs

A hard day’s work. The discarded paneling is on the left-hand side of the photo, along the street.















Session 5: Demolition Day 2

The following Sunday of 8/31/14 saw our work session extend from 11:00 a.m. to 3:00 p.m.. Like the previous day, we spent much of our time removing staples and applying wood putty. While normally this would seem like a trivial task, the sheer number of staples and their rusted condition meant getting them out was a time-consuming job, not to mention the sweltering heat. We used needle-nosed pliers, staple-removers, chisels, and flathead screwdrivers to pluck, snap, pull, and work out stapling from the interior panels.

Nick and Aaron, removing staples with a pair of needlenose pliers in 95+degree heat

Uttam (Team Ireland), demonstrating the practicalities of needlenose pliers in removing staples over Jackson’s wire-strippers

Session Day 6: Demolition Day 3/Construction Day 1

This session on 9/1/14 ran from 11:00 a.m. to 2:00 p.m. The day was once again spent removing stapling from the kiosk’s interior paneling, as well as applying wood putty to the rotting portions of the trim. However, the final hours saw us completing the cleanup well enough to attach the new paneling. Due to a clerical snafu, we did have to recut new panels for the doors and one of the alcoves, but it worked out fine. The construction phase was almost entirely completed that day, save the painting.

Aaron and Nick, back on the job. The discarded panels can be seen on the bottom right.

Session 7: Construction Day 3

This session took place on 9/6/14, from 11:00 to 2:00. This was the first of the painting sessions, where we disassembled the kiosk to apply a new paint scheme. Originally, plans were made to simply paint the entire kiosk to its original color. As we uncovered the interior panels, however, we found that the kiosk had several “original colors”, ranging from a matte grey to an off-yellow. It was eventually decided that the kiosk needed a bit more visual flair than the battleship grey we had originally imagined. We settled on a paint aesthetic similar to the Hamilton Jewelers building across Witherspoon Street: black trim with white paneling. We also elected to add an orange stripe and ceiling just for a splash of color and an homage to both the Town and University that the Kiosk sits in immediate proximity to. First, however, we needed to sand some of the sharper edges of the new paneling, as well as the coarse wood putty. After this sanding, we removed the paneling for better access to the trim in and around the site of each panel. The bottom trim was first painted with an oil-based primer stain to prevent rot. The upper levels and trim then received a coat of their respective colors. We planned on applying more coats the following day.

First coats of black and orange paint on the kiosk. The white paint has not yet been applied in this picture, evidenced by the grey/faded portions on the top strip

Aaron with the black paint, Nick with the orange

Charles, unamused with the black paint

Ashwin, arriving on-site

Jackson, ensuring a clean seal on the orange paint

Session 8: Construction Day 4:

9/7/14 was the final day of work on the kiosk, again from 11:00 to 2:00. We continued applying coats of paint to all pieces of the trim, as well as fixing whatever smears and splashes we had left from the day before. We also left a few graffiti scribbles on the interior paneling for posterity. As these boards would be covered up by the new Wolf White paneling, we wanted to leave behind a memento for any group in the future who would work on the kiosk. These scribbles boiled down to names and dates where we worked. By the end of the day, the kiosk was painted and dry, thanks to the sweltering heat. We reattached the panels, erased any pencil marks left over from cutting the boards, and walked away. Excluding light bulbs and a new doorknob, the kiosk was entirely complete.

Jackson and Nick on paint duty, Phil helping Akil sign in, and Ford explaining the details to a passerby

Charles and Nick, applying white coats to the stained base.

Same angle from later in the day. The white coat on top is being completed

The panels, reattached. Nick, Jackson (behind the kiosk), Sid (behind the kiosk) and Phil installing the door panel.

The practically-complete kiosk from the view of a passing local

The completed kiosk, with a group picture. From the left: Aidan, Philip, Jackson (Group Leader), Charles (ladder), Aaron, Sid, Dante (ladder), Nick, and Ford

Anthony’s Compost Bins


In support of Sustainable Princeton’s initiative to make Princeton greener, I will be working on spreading information on composting as well as helping to recycle shipping pallets into compost bins. Based on a design by a Sustainable Princeton member and architect, Heidi Fichtenbaum, they will help to reduce the amount of trash and leaves that Princeton collects as well as create usable compost for gardening.

Benefits: Compost improves soil condition, providing nutrients, stabilizing pH, and providing soil structure, which supports plants better. In addition, it is a great way to reduce the amount of organic waste that is thrown out and helps reduce the amount of leaves that are left on the curbside.
The locations of the sites will increase as I receive confirmation from the different groups that have committed to receiving the shipping pallets, however all of the build sites will be in the Princeton area, mostly behind the public schools, such as Littlebrook, Community Park, John Witherspoon, and Johnson Park.
There will be two main parts to my project, namely gathering the shipping pallets and constructing the compost bins. As it takes time to locate the shipping pallets, I will continue to hold sessions from transporting them even as I begin the construction on different sites.
There will be 2-3 workdays for transporting the shipping pallets which will require work gloves for heavier lifting. As it is relatively simple (it merely involves loading the shipping pallets onto a truck and unloading them back off at the work sites), it will not require more than 3-4 volunteers to carry out the work on each work day.
The construction phase of the project will require slightly more volunteers (around 4-5) and will involve a more complex process *please see attached build sheet file for more exact details on building instructions. Volunteers will be required to bring work gloves as the work sessions will involve digging and flattening the ground, lifting the shipping pallets, and screwing together the sides and hinges with a power drill. Work gloves will also be provided at the work sites.
Currently Planned Transportation Days: 
September 29, 2012. *Update – We did more work than expected, and I probably will not need to schedule any further.
Currently Planned Construction Days: 
October 6, 2012 (11:00 am), (3:00 pm)
October 8, 2012 (1:00 pm)
October 13, 2012 (11:00 am), (2:00 pm)
October 20, 2012 (1:00 pm)
Transportation Session – 9/29/12 Sam’s Club, John Witherspoon Middle School, Community Park Elementary, Littlebrook Elementary, and Butler Organic Community Garden
Participants: David Teng, Eric Collins, Enric Boix, Albert Dong, Anthony Teng
I was lucky to have Sam’s Club donate a huge 24 shipping pallets and to have John Witherspoon donate 15 shipping pallets towards the project, in addition to the 7 I found in the Princeton area, 4 of which went into a prototype I made on 8/19/12. With the help of Eagle Scout Eric Collins and his giant red short-bed truck, we were able to transfer 12 shipping pallets at a time, leaving shipping pallets at Community Park, the Butler Organic Community Garden, John Witherspoon, and Littlebrook.
Construction Session – 10/6/12 Community Park (11:00), Littlebrook (3:00)
Participants: David T, David R, Ellen D, Jamie H, Tom R, Philip T, Anthony T, Paul D, Michael R
The work done at CP involved a lot of changes to the build plan, as the shipping pallets used were a much heavier, sturdier variety than the standard shipping pallet. The orientation of the shipping pallets was also changed, and added a foot to the length of the compost bin. In addition, these changes took more time than expected to put into place, however the finished result was much better than the old build template overall. Due to the extra time required in rethinking the construction of the compost bins in terms of the different materials, the second work session was postponed to Monday, and no work was done at Littlebrook, although the materials were put in place. This first work session was a great learning experience in rethinking strategies and putting them into effect.

Construction Session – 10/8/12 Littlebrook (1:00)
Participants: David T, Mary S, Jamie H, Aaron G, Daniel G, Jackson G, Chris D, Jonothan P, Will S, Jack S, Anthony T
The Littlebrook work session took much less time than expected, partly due to the fact that the new design was already understood, and did not necessitate any further changes over the ones made at CP. The work session was also quite efficient, as the scouts did their jobs admirably and did not need more than one explanation of what they were doing. In addition, they worked well in teams, as different teams worked on different bins simultaneously. In addition, there were just enough volunteers to have 2-3 working on each bin, either digging/placing the bricks, constructing the back and sides, or installing the door. This also sped up the construction process, and allowed us to finish an hour ahead of schedule. The scouts demonstrated proper handling of tools and materials and, overall, this work session went by quickly.

Construction Session – 10/13/12 Johnson Park (11:00)
Participants: Jamie H, David T, Daniel G, Jackson G, Anthony T
The work session at JP went very smoothly, as both of the volunteers had already had experience with the bin construction. In addition, it was much easier to simply make a single compost bin than to make multiple as there was more space for drilling and we did not have to fasten any inner walls together. This work session took slightly longer than normal as the pallets had to first be fixed (some had broken slats), then transported about 100 meters to the work site before the construction could be begun. On an interesting note, there was ice on the ground during the beginning of the work session, so cold was the morning and the night before, but by the time the work session was completed, it would around 70 degrees.

Construction Session – 10/13/12 John Witherspoon Middle School (2:00)
Participants: Jamie H, David T, Steve C, Daniel G, Zohaib S, Afnaan S, Elizabeth T
The JW bins were built extremely well as we were able to utilize the flat paved surface of the walkway around the school to build the compost bins. Instead of having to level the ground, place the bricks, adjust the level of the bricks, and place the shipping pallets, we simply placed the pallets on the walkway, making them flush and saving a lot of time. This also made fastening the doors much simpler. After the bins were built, they were simply picked up and moved to the final location. As there was no exact confirmation of where in the garden the bins were supposed to be placed, I will be returning on Tuesday to JW to meet with the garden club, explain composting, and help relocate the bins if necessary. JW had donated 7 pallets to the project in addition to the 8 used to build their 2 compost bins. They also happened to have extra bricks from construction, so we did not have to bring any for their work session.

Construction Session – 10/20/12 Butler Organic Community Garden (1:00)
Participants: Waiyee C, Jamie H, David T, Leo L, Philip T, Elizabeth T, Sidhant S, Anthony T
The Butler bins took more time than normal as they required much more digging. This was because the bin sites were situated on a small hill of land that was covered in vegetation. In addition, as the shipping pallets were slightly damp from the rain the day before, it was harder to drill in the screws. More effort was expended to drill them, however they still came out well in the end. Overall, the last work session went well, albeit slightly slow. The scouts were more interested in talking about video games, however this did not detract from their work, and they were able to work efficiently, given the challenges that we were presented with. It was quite a relief to finish my last work session, and I am glad that I built the bins.

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